Object Template

The object template includes information on how to complete the attribute values.

               Status       Instance     Search Status

person:        [mandatory]  [single]     [lookup key]
address:        [mandatory]  [multiple]   [ ]
country:        [mandatory]  [single]     [ ]
phone:          [mandatory]  [multiple]   [ ]
fax-no:         [optional]   [multiple]   [ ]
e-mail:         [mandatory]  [multiple]   [lookup key]
nic-hdl:        [mandatory]  [single]     [primary/look-up key]
remarks:        [optional]   [multiple]   [ ]
notify:         [optional]   [multiple]   [inverse key]
abuse-mailbox:  [optional]   [multiple]   [inverse key]
mnt-by:         [mandatory]  [multiple]   [inverse key]
last-modified:  [generated]  [single]     [ ]
source:         [mandatory]  [single]     [ ]



person:         Albert Brooke Crichton
address:        123 Example st.
address:        20097 Exampletown
country:        AU
phone:          +12 34 567890 000
fax-no:         +12 34 567890 010
nic-hdl:        ABC123-AP
mnt-by:         MAINT-EXAMPLENET-AP
last-modified:  2018-08-30T07:50:19Z
source:         APNIC


Attribute status


Attribute must be included in the object.  Failure to do so will result in errors.

Attribute Description
person The full name of an administrative, technical or zone contact person referenced in another object.
address Full postal address for the person.
phone Telephone number for the person.
email The email address for the person.

Need to report abuse and spam? find out how here . . .

nic-hdl The NIC-handle of the ‘role‘ or person object.

The APNIC NIC-handle takes the format:


The database will generate a NIC-handle. This newly generated handle is created depending on the initials in the name of the person/role object.

Syntax: For 2 to 4 characters optionally followed by up to 5 digits with the suffix “-AP”.

mnt-by Lists a registered ‘mntner’ used to authorize and authenticate changes to this object.

  • A ‘mntner’ object is a database object used to authorize updates to the APNIC database.
  • When your database details are protected by a ‘mntner’ object, then only persons with access to the security information of that ‘mntner’ object will be able to change details.
  • In the web interface, the mnt-by attribute contains a link to the specified ‘mntner’.
last-modified It is a time stamp that is generated by the system to reflect when the object was last modified.

last-modified: 2018-08-30T07:50:19Z
source The database where the object is registered.

  • Use APNIC for objects in the APNIC Database.
  • Please use UPPERCASE letters.


Attribute may be deleted from the object. To delete an optional attribute you must also remove the attribute from the object template.  Failure to do so will result in errors.

Attribute Description
country Two letter ISO 3166 code of the country or economy where the admin-c is based.

Please use UPPERCASE letters.

country: WF
fax-no The fax number for the person.
remarks General remarks. May include a URL or email address.
notify The email address to which notifications of changes to this object should be sent.

  • When this attribute contains, it means APNIC staff are notified of changes to the object.
  • IMPORTANT! Do NOT send spam or hacking complaints to this address.


Attribute value is generated by the database.


This object can be created and updated in MyAPNIC.

Instances of attribute allowed

Attribute must appear only once in the object.
Attribute may appear multiple times in the object. For example, you may wish to include more than one admin-c attribute.

Attribute search status

Primary key
Primary keys distinguish an object from all other objects in the database.

To update a primary key, you must delete the entire object and them create a new object with the updated information.

Lookup key
Attribute can be queried in the database to return the object.  Please note, however, that a lookup key does not uniquely identify an object.
Inverse key
Attribute can be used when performing an inverse query using the -i flag. For example, the query

-i mntner <MNTNER-NAME>

will return all objects with the specified maintainer in the mnt-by attribute.