I* organizations

The I* (I-star) group of organizations is a loose term to describe organizations that share responsibilities for coordinating the Internet technical infrastructure. APNIC collaborates with these organizations as part of the global Internet ecosystem.

The I* (I-star) organizations include the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), ICANN, ISOC, IETF, IAB, W3C and the regional associations of country code domain name registries.

Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)

Within their respective regions, RIRs such as APNIC provide services for the administration, management, distribution and registration of Internet number resources, specifically IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses, and Autonomous System numbers.

There are five RIRs:

rir-regions-with-logos

Services are based, in part, on policies the communities of each RIR develop in a multi-stakeholder, bottom up approach that is open to all interested parties. The Policy Development Process within each RIR region defines the way these policies are developed and adopted.

Read more about the RIR community.

Read the latest news about RIRs from the APNIC Blog

Career advice for the Internet sector

The heads of the world's five RIRs recently got together to chat about what makes and breaks careers.

Limiting the power of RPKI authorities

Guest Post: Proposal seeks to change RPKI to a distributed model, preventing unilateral takedown of IP prefixes by Regional Internet Registries.

Number Resource Organization (NRO)

The Number Resource Organization (NRO) is a coordinating body for the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) that manage the distribution of Internet number resources including IP addresses and Autonomous System Numbers. The NRO contributes to an open, stable and secure Internet, through:

  • Providing and promoting a coordinated Internet number registry system
  • Being an authoritative voice on the multistakeholder model and bottom-up policy process in Internet governance
  • Coordinating and supporting joint activities of the RIRs
Read the latest news about NRO from the APNIC Blog

Online voting for NRO NC election 2020 opens today

Online voting opens today, Monday, 24 August 2020 for the NRO NC election at APNIC 50.

Nominations now open for NRO NC Election 2020

You have until Monday, 3 August to submit a nomination for the vacant seat on the NRO NC.

ICANN

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the international organization responsible for the management and oversight of the coordination of the Internet’s domain name system and its unique identifiers such as IP addresses. ICANN oversees the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).

Read the latest news about ICANN from the APNIC Blog

The best laid plans…

Never did anyone think a virus would be the trigger for the root signing emergency plan.

Drilling for the KSK

What happens when a safe containing the devices to facilitate the Root Signing Ceremony doesn't open?

Address Supporting Organization (ASO)

The Address Supporting Organization (ASO) is one of three ICANN Supporting Organizations. The purpose of the ASO is to review and develop recommendations on IP address global policies and to advise the ICANN Board on IP addressing related matters. Since 2004, the NRO Number Council performs the role of the ASO within ICANN.

Read the latest news about ASO from the APNIC Blog

Event Wrap: ICANN 63

APNIC participated at ICANN 63 in Barcelona, Spain from 20 to 25 October 2018.

ASO Review discussions gain momentum at APNIC 45

Discussion about a potential “two-house” model for the ASO - rearranging current NRO EC and ASO AC responsibilities - received support in Kathmandu.

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)

IANA is one of the Internet’s oldest institutions, with its activities dating back to the 1970s. Today the IANA functions are provided by ICANN affiliate Public Technical Identifiers (PTI). PTI’s various activities can be broadly grouped in to three categories:

  • Domain names – IANA manages the DNS root, the .int and .arpa domains, and an IDN practices resource
  • Number resources – IANA coordinates the global pool of IP and AS numbers, providing them to Regional Internet Registries
  • Protocol Assignments – PTI manages the number systems of Internet protocols in conjunction with standards bodies
Read the latest news about IANA and PTI from the APNIC Blog

RPKI and Trust Anchors

Why do RIRs use a trust anchor set of RIR-based 0/0 self-signed certificates?

Reflecting on the IANA stewardship transition process

With a lot of work from the community, the IANA stewardship transition process has successfully achieved its goal.

ISOC

The Internet Society (ISOC) is a non-profit organization, founded in 1992, dedicated to ensuring the open development, evolution, and use of the Internet for the benefit of people throughout the world. Its purpose is to provide leadership in Internet related standards, education, and policy.

Read the latest news about ISOC from the APNIC Blog

Event Wrap: InterCommunity 2020 — Securing Internet routing

Tashi Phuntsho participated in the Internet Society's InterCommunity 2020 — Securing Internet Routing event, held online on 24 June 2020.

Up and down the stack through a nerd’s eyes: Making the Internet better the Internet way

Guest Post: Andrew Sullivan's Keynote Speech at APRICOT 2019.

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is a large, open, international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers who are interested in the evolution of Internet architecture and its smooth operation. The IETF is open to any interested individual. The technical work of the IETF is carried out in its working groups, which are organized by topic into several areas (e.g., routing, transport, security, and more). The IETF holds meetings three times a year, however much of the work is handled via mailing lists.

Read the latest news about IETF from the APNIC Blog

ALTO: Application-Layer Traffic Optimization protocol

Guest Post: The ALTO protocol provides network information that applications use for modifying network resource consumption patterns while improving their performance.

RFC 8890: The Internet is for End Users

Guest Post: The IETF should ultimately ground its decisions in what’s good for people who use the Internet.

Internet Architecture Board (IAB)

The IAB is both an IETF committee and an ISOC advisory body.

It is responsible for architectural oversight of IETF activities, Internet Standards Process oversight and appeal, and the appointment of the RFC Editor.

The IAB is also responsible for the management of the IETF protocol parameter registries.

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an international community where Member organizations, a full-time staff, and the public work together to develop web standards.