I* organizations

The I* (I-star) group of organizations is a loose term to describe organizations that share responsibilities for coordinating the Internet technical infrastructure. APNIC collaborates with these organizations as part of the global Internet ecosystem.

The I* (I-star) organizations include the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), ICANN, ISOC, IETF, IAB, W3C and the regional associations of country code domain name registries.

Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)

Within their respective regions, RIRs such as APNIC provide services for the administration, management, distribution and registration of Internet number resources, specifically IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses, and Autonomous System numbers.

There are five RIRs:

rir-regions-with-logos

Services are based, in part, on policies the communities of each RIR develop in a multi-stakeholder, bottom up approach that is open to all interested parties. The Policy Development Process within each RIR region defines the way these policies are developed and adopted.

Read more about the RIR community.

Read the latest news about RIRs from the APNIC Blog

Event Wrap: RIPE 82

Geoff Huston gave three presentations at RIPE 82, held online from 17 to 21 May 2021.

Event Wrap: ARIN 47

Sanjaya provided an update of APNIC's key activities at ARIN 47, held online from 12 to 14 April 2021.

Number Resource Organization (NRO)

The Number Resource Organization (NRO) is a coordinating body for the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) that manage the distribution of Internet number resources including IP addresses and Autonomous System Numbers. The NRO contributes to an open, stable and secure Internet, through:

  • Providing and promoting a coordinated Internet number registry system
  • Being an authoritative voice on the multistakeholder model and bottom-up policy process in Internet governance
  • Coordinating and supporting joint activities of the RIRs
Read the latest news about NRO from the APNIC Blog

Nominations now open for the NRO NC Election 2021

Submit your nomination for the NRO NC election, to be held at APNIC 52, before 9 August 2021.

New RDAP profile to improve cross-RIR consistency

The NRO recently registered an RDAP profile with IANA for the RIR community.

ICANN

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the international organization responsible for the management and oversight of the coordination of the Internet’s domain name system and its unique identifiers such as IP addresses. ICANN oversees the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).

Read the latest news about ICANN from the APNIC Blog

Cryptography, rituals and transparency: The world of key ceremonies

What exactly is a 'key ceremony' and why are they important for trust?

Hello World: Enabling Internationalized Domain Names

Guest Post: Towards an inclusive and multilingual Internet.

Address Supporting Organization (ASO)

The Address Supporting Organization (ASO) is one of three ICANN Supporting Organizations. The purpose of the ASO is to review and develop recommendations on IP address global policies and to advise the ICANN Board on IP addressing related matters. Since 2004, the NRO Number Council performs the role of the ASO within ICANN.

Read the latest news about ASO from the APNIC Blog

Event Wrap: ICANN 63

APNIC participated at ICANN 63 in Barcelona, Spain from 20 to 25 October 2018.

ASO Review discussions gain momentum at APNIC 45

Discussion about a potential “two-house” model for the ASO - rearranging current NRO EC and ASO AC responsibilities - received support in Kathmandu.

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)

IANA is one of the Internet’s oldest institutions, with its activities dating back to the 1970s. Today the IANA functions are provided by ICANN affiliate Public Technical Identifiers (PTI). PTI’s various activities can be broadly grouped in to three categories:

  • Domain names – IANA manages the DNS root, the .int and .arpa domains, and an IDN practices resource
  • Number resources – IANA coordinates the global pool of IP and AS numbers, providing them to Regional Internet Registries
  • Protocol Assignments – PTI manages the number systems of Internet protocols in conjunction with standards bodies
Read the latest news about IANA and PTI from the APNIC Blog

New RDAP profile to improve cross-RIR consistency

The NRO recently registered an RDAP profile with IANA for the RIR community.

RPKI and Trust Anchors

Why do RIRs use a trust anchor set of RIR-based 0/0 self-signed certificates?

ISOC

The Internet Society (ISOC) is a non-profit organization, founded in 1992, dedicated to ensuring the open development, evolution, and use of the Internet for the benefit of people throughout the world. Its purpose is to provide leadership in Internet related standards, education, and policy.

Read the latest news about ISOC from the APNIC Blog

Event Wrap: InterCommunity 2020 — Securing Internet routing

Tashi Phuntsho participated in the Internet Society's InterCommunity 2020 — Securing Internet Routing event, held online on 24 June 2020.

Event Wrap: IX 2020 — Internet Security & Mitigation of Risk Webinar

Adli Wahid participated at the IX 2020 – Internet Security and Mitigation of Risk Webinar, held online on 15 June 2020.

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is a large, open, international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers who are interested in the evolution of Internet architecture and its smooth operation. The IETF is open to any interested individual. The technical work of the IETF is carried out in its working groups, which are organized by topic into several areas (e.g., routing, transport, security, and more). The IETF holds meetings three times a year, however much of the work is handled via mailing lists.

Read the latest news about IETF from the APNIC Blog

A brief history of the RFC format

No overstriking allowed! Why do RFCs have such strict text requirements?

Running code at IETF

Who decides what it takes to make an Internet Standard?

Internet Architecture Board (IAB)

The IAB is both an IETF committee and an ISOC advisory body.

It is responsible for architectural oversight of IETF activities, Internet Standards Process oversight and appeal, and the appointment of the RFC Editor.

The IAB is also responsible for the management of the IETF protocol parameter registries.

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an international community where Member organizations, a full-time staff, and the public work together to develop web standards.