I* organizations

The I* (I-star) group of organizations is a loose term to describe organizations that share responsibilities for coordinating the Internet technical infrastructure. APNIC collaborates with these organizations as part of the global Internet ecosystem.

The I* (I-star) organizations include the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), ICANN, ISOC, IETF, IAB, W3C and the regional associations of country code domain name registries.

Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)

Within their respective regions, RIRs such as APNIC provide services for the administration, management, distribution and registration of Internet number resources, specifically IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses, and Autonomous System numbers.

There are five RIRs:


Services are based, in part, on policies the communities of each RIR develop in a multi-stakeholder, bottom up approach that is open to all interested parties. The Policy Development Process within each RIR region defines the way these policies are developed and adopted.

Read more about the RIR community.

Read the latest news about RIRs from the APNIC Blog

Transfers still a hot policy topic in 2017

The APNIC policy community was not the only RIR community to consider proposals relating to IPv4 transfers in 2017.

Event Wrap: RIPE 75

RIPE NCC held RIPE 75 from 22 to 26 October in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Number Resource Organization (NRO)

The Number Resource Organization (NRO) is a coordinating body for the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) that manage the distribution of Internet number resources including IP addresses and Autonomous System Numbers. The NRO contributes to an open, stable and secure Internet, through:

  • Providing and promoting a coordinated Internet number registry system
  • Being an authoritative voice on the multistakeholder model and bottom-up policy process in Internet governance
  • Coordinating and supporting joint activities of the RIRs
Read the latest news about NRO from the APNIC Blog

Event Wrap: ICANN 60

APNIC participated at ICANN 60 in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, from 28 October to 2 November 2017.

The RIRs and ICANN: How we cooperate

Why does the Internet number community participate in ICANN? There are many good reasons.


The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the international organization responsible for the management and oversight of the coordination of the Internet’s domain name system and its unique identifiers such as IP addresses. ICANN oversees the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).

Read the latest news about ICANN from the APNIC Blog

Update on the Root KSK Rollover Project

Guest Post: ICANN has announced that it will not roll the root zone KSK in the first quarter of 2018. Read why.

Event Wrap: ICANN 60

APNIC participated at ICANN 60 in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, from 28 October to 2 November 2017.

Address Supporting Organization (ASO)

The Address Supporting Organization (ASO) is one of three ICANN Supporting Organizations. The purpose of the ASO is to review and develop recommendations on IP address global policies and to advise the ICANN Board on IP addressing related matters. Since 2004, the NRO Number Council performs the role of the ASO within ICANN.

Read the latest news about ASO from the APNIC Blog

Event Wrap: ICANN 60

APNIC participated at ICANN 60 in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, from 28 October to 2 November 2017.

ICANN Fellowship Program turns 10

Guest Post: GZ Kabir shares his highlights from ICANN 59, including the 10th anniversary of the ICANN Fellowship Program.

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)

IANA is one of the Internet’s oldest institutions, with its activities dating back to the 1970s. Today the IANA functions are provided by ICANN affiliate Public Technical Identifiers (PTI). PTI’s various activities can be broadly grouped in to three categories:

  • Domain names – IANA manages the DNS root, the .int and .arpa domains, and an IDN practices resource
  • Number resources – IANA coordinates the global pool of IP and AS numbers, providing them to Regional Internet Registries
  • Protocol Assignments – PTI manages the number systems of Internet protocols in conjunction with standards bodies
Read the latest news about IANA and PTI from the APNIC Blog

Reflecting on the IANA stewardship transition process

With a lot of work from the community, the IANA stewardship transition process has successfully achieved its goal.

#YestoIANA! Community takes responsibility for IANA functions

The world reacts to the successful transition of the IANA functions to the global Internet community.


The Internet Society (ISOC) is a non-profit organization, founded in 1992, dedicated to ensuring the open development, evolution, and use of the Internet for the benefit of people throughout the world. Its purpose is to provide leadership in Internet related standards, education, and policy.

Read the latest news about ISOC from the APNIC Blog

IETF 100, Singapore: IPv6 the time is now, ISOC Fellows

The ISOC Fellowship to the IETF introduces representatives from a diverse range of fields to the growing need to consider IPv6 in their planning and decision-making processes.

Celebrating IPv6 in the Asia Pacific

The APNIC Blog is celebrating the fifth anniversary of World IPv6 Launch with a series of IPv6 posts this week. Let's make IPv6 the new normal!

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is a large, open, international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers who are interested in the evolution of Internet architecture and its smooth operation. The IETF is open to any interested individual. The technical work of the IETF is carried out in its working groups, which are organized by topic into several areas (e.g., routing, transport, security, and more). The IETF holds meetings three times a year, however much of the work is handled via mailing lists.

Read the latest news about IETF from the APNIC Blog

IPv6 flow label: misuse in hashing

Guest Post: Learn about the history of the IPv6 flow label and when you should avoid using them as a hash component.

Internet protocols are changing

Guest Post: Learn about the significant recent changes being made to the core Internet protocols.

Internet Architecture Board (IAB)

The IAB is both an IETF committee and an ISOC advisory body.

It is responsible for architectural oversight of IETF activities, Internet Standards Process oversight and appeal, and the appointment of the RFC Editor.

The IAB is also responsible for the management of the IETF protocol parameter registries.

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an international community where Member organizations, a full-time staff, and the public work together to develop web standards.