The I* (I-star) group of organizations is a loose term to describe organizations that share responsibilities for coordinating the Internet technical infrastructure. APNIC collaborates with these organizations as part of the global Internet ecosystem.
The I* (I-star) organizations include the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), ICANN, ISOC, IETF, IAB, W3C and the regional associations of country code domain name registries.
Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)
Within their respective regions, RIRs such as APNIC provide services for the administration, management, distribution and registration of Internet number resources, specifically IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses, and Autonomous System numbers.
There are five RIRs:
Services are based, in part, on policies the communities of each RIR develop in a multi-stakeholder, bottom up approach that is open to all interested parties. The Policy Development Process within each RIR region defines the way these policies are developed and adopted.
Read more about the RIR community.
Improving the inference of sibling Autonomous Systems
Guest Post: Addressing inaccuracies on sibling relations and their root causes in whois data.
The benefits of RPKI Signed Checklists
A new type of RPKI signed object that permits a resource holder to sign arbitrary files or documents with a set of Internet Number Resources.
Number Resource Organization (NRO)
The Number Resource Organization (NRO) is a coordinating body for the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) that manage the distribution of Internet number resources including IP addresses and Autonomous System Numbers. The NRO contributes to an open, stable and secure Internet, through:
- Providing and promoting a coordinated Internet number registry system
- Being an authoritative voice on the multistakeholder model and bottom-up policy process in Internet governance
- Coordinating and supporting joint activities of the RIRs
Online voting for the NRO NC election 2022 opens today
Submit your online vote for the NRO NC election. Voting closes on 15 September.
Why the NRO is defending AFRINIC
As an RIR, AFRINIC plays an extremely important role in the global management of the Internet.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the international organization responsible for the management and oversight of the coordination of the Internet’s domain name system and its unique identifiers such as IP addresses. ICANN oversees the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).
KINDNS initiative to improve mutual understanding and security of DNS among operators
Guest Post: KINDNS is a new initiative to promote DNS operational security best practices and to encourage DNS operators to voluntarily commit to their implementation.
DNS abuse trends
Guest Post: Global sum of DNS abuse dropped in absolute terms and normalized rates, ICANN reports.
Address Supporting Organization (ASO)
The Address Supporting Organization (ASO) is one of three ICANN Supporting Organizations. The purpose of the ASO is to review and develop recommendations on IP address global policies and to advise the ICANN Board on IP addressing related matters. Since 2004, the NRO Number Council performs the role of the ASO within ICANN.
Event Wrap: ICANN 63
APNIC participated at ICANN 63 in Barcelona, Spain from 20 to 25 October 2018.
ASO Review discussions gain momentum at APNIC 45
Discussion about a potential “two-house” model for the ASO - rearranging current NRO EC and ASO AC responsibilities - received support in Kathmandu.
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
IANA is one of the Internet’s oldest institutions, with its activities dating back to the 1970s. Today the IANA functions are provided by ICANN affiliate Public Technical Identifiers (PTI). PTI’s various activities can be broadly grouped in to three categories:
- Domain names – IANA manages the DNS root, the .int and .arpa domains, and an IDN practices resource
- Number resources – IANA coordinates the global pool of IP and AS numbers, providing them to Regional Internet Registries
- Protocol Assignments – PTI manages the number systems of Internet protocols in conjunction with standards bodies
New RDAP profile to improve cross-RIR consistency
The NRO recently registered an RDAP profile with IANA for the RIR community.
RPKI and Trust Anchors
Why do RIRs use a trust anchor set of RIR-based 0/0 self-signed certificates?
The Internet Society (ISOC) is a non-profit organization, founded in 1992, dedicated to ensuring the open development, evolution, and use of the Internet for the benefit of people throughout the world. Its purpose is to provide leadership in Internet related standards, education, and policy.
Apply now for the inaugural Pulse Research Fellowship
Guest Post: Are you interested in Internet measurements and research and have a project or tool in mind that contributes to upholding an open, globally-connected, secure, and trustworthy Internet?
Status of RPKI in Australia and New Zealand
Guest Post: Study shows that despite progress in routing security, there’s still a lot of work to be done.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is a large, open, international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers who are interested in the evolution of Internet architecture and its smooth operation. The IETF is open to any interested individual. The technical work of the IETF is carried out in its working groups, which are organized by topic into several areas (e.g., routing, transport, security, and more). The IETF holds meetings three times a year, however much of the work is handled via mailing lists.
Hiding behind MASQUEs
How Oblivious HTTP and MASQUE attempt to contain potential data leakage.
Troubleshooting the other half
Guest Post: Building a reverse traceroute tool for the public Internet.
Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The IAB is both an IETF committee and an ISOC advisory body.
It is responsible for architectural oversight of IETF activities, Internet Standards Process oversight and appeal, and the appointment of the RFC Editor.
The IAB is also responsible for the management of the IETF protocol parameter registries.
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an international community where Member organizations, a full-time staff, and the public work together to develop web standards.